How to prevent the spread of COVID-19 (coronavirus)
Frequent handwashing, avoiding direct personal contact, and avoiding large crowds are at the center of how to protect yourself. Below, learn how to keep from spreading illness.
We know that the virus spreads the following ways:
- It travels on droplets when someone sneezes or coughs.
- It also can be spread when an infected person touches their face and then shakes hands.
- It may also be transmitted from frequently touched surfaces.
Most people who get the infection will get only a mild illness, like a cold, but the elderly and frail are at increased risk of severe infection, requiring hospitalization or even critical care.
If you are sick, find out what to do next.
How do coronaviruses spread?
Coronaviruses spread from person to person through droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes. These droplets can infect people nearby if the virus gets into their body through their eyes, nose or mouth.
You could get COVID-19 through close contact with an infected person who is coughing and sneezing. You may also be able to get it from touching a contaminated surface (for example, if someone coughs over a table and then you touch that table).
How can you limit the spread of COVID-19?
Researchers are actively working on a vaccine. In the meantime, it is important to take preventive actions to help limit the spread of COVID-19:
- Avoid close contact (keep a distance of at least 6 feet) with people who are sick.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
- Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.
- Cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue, then throw it in the trash.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom, before eating, and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
- Clean frequently touched surfaces and objects daily – including tables, countertops, light switches, doorknobs, cell phones, and cabinet handles. Using a regular household detergent and water.
- Take "social distancing" seriously. Guidance and emergency orders from the state of Massachusetts
- Take special precautions if you fall into high risk groups (older people and people with severe chronic conditions).
- Parents: download these COVID-19 tips from Baystate Children's Hospital
What You Need to Know About Handwashing
Learn the basics from the Centers from Disease Control (CDC). Learn more about handwashing.
What cleaning products should you use to disinfect surfaces?
Clean dirty surfaces using a detergent and water before disinfecting.
To disinfect, refer to this list of products from the American Chemistry Council Center for Biocide Chemistries (CBC). Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions for all cleaning and disinfection products.
More on house cleaning from the CDC.
Should you wear a facemask?
The CDC now recommends wearing cloth face coverings in public places to help prevent the spread of COVID-19. The cloth face coverings recommended are not surgical masks or N-95 respirators, which are critical supplies that must be reserved for healthcare workers and other medical first responders.
According to the CDC, cloth face coverings should not be placed on young children under age 2, anyone who has trouble breathing, or is unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance.
The CDC has instructions for making your own face covering (both sew and no-sew versions). And if you do wear a mask, this video from the World Health Organization shows you how to use, wash, and take it on and off correctly and safely.
What should you do if you come in contact with someone with COVID-19?
If you are have been in close contact of someone with COVID-19 and develop symptoms of COVID-19, call your healthcare provider and tell them about your symptoms and your exposure. They will decide whether you need to be tested. Keep in mind that there is no treatment for COVID-19 and people who are mildly ill are able to isolate at home. Learn more about what to do if you're sick.
See the latest updates and information from the Centers for Disease Control.
What else can you do to stay healthy?
This is a stressful time, and mental health is an often overlooked key to physical health. Here are some tips for managing stress.
Focus on controlling what you can: