Electronic Cigarette Use During Pregnancy
May 08, 2018
Heather Sankey, MD
- Baystate Medical Center, 759 Chestnut Street, Springfield, MA
- Baystate Wing Hospital, 40 Wright Street, Palmer, MA
- Baystate Mary Lane Outpatient Center, 85 South Street, Ware, MA
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of e-cigarettes during pregnancy as a concern exists that e-cigarettes may present additional risks in pregnancy, such as increased nicotine exposure (particularly in women who smoke and vape/use e-cigarettes) that could increase the risk of fetal neurotoxicity, and formaldehyde exposure, which has been linked to miscarriage and adverse reproductive outcomes.
a) Cigarette smokers who exclusively smoke conventional cigarettes, or who use e-cigs regularly,
or who use both
b) At least 16 years of age
c) Able to speak English or Spanish
a) Current illicit drug or alcohol abuse or dependence (not under treatment)
b) Unstable medical problems (e.g., pre-eclampsia, threatened abortion, hyperemesis gravidarum:
severe nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and possibly dehydration)
The subject will be in the study from the time of enrollment until 3 months after delivery when a final phone visit is conducted. Each subject will have up to 1 study visits every 3 months, a monthly phone call visit & a postpartum phone visit. The screen visit is approximately 1 to 1.5 hour long. The remaining visit(s) are approximately 45 minutes long.