Gestational Carrier (surrogacy)
Sometimes it is not possible for a woman to carry a pregnancy because of damage to her uterus or serious medical conditions. Uterine damage can be caused by severe endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, cancer, congenital abnormalities and other conditions. Health conditions that might prevent a woman from carrying a baby to term include serious heart disease and others.
In these cases the couple will have to use a gestational carrier to carry the baby to term and delivery. Gestational Carriers are sometimes related, such as a sister, a friend, or are recruited from an agency.
Embryos are created in an IVF/ICSI cycle using the mother’s eggs and father’s sperm and transferred to the gestational carrier’s uterus. The gestational carrier’s cycle must be synchronized with the mother’s so that the carrier’s endometrium will be ready to accept the developing embryo. Once the baby is delivered it is given to the genetic parents.
Gestational Carrier agreements are understandably complicated and require the assistance of attorneys specializing in reproductive law.